Climate Diplomacy has published a paper titled “Insurgency, Terrorism and Organized Crime in a Warming Climate” that discusses how climate changes affects and is affected by non-state armed groups (NSAGs) such as terrorist organizations and criminal actors. The paper finds and discusses two main mechanisms through which climate change facilitates their rise and growth: 1.) weakening governments’ capability to respond to citizen’s needs, which create fertile environments for NSAGs to grow and provide alternative services to gain support, and 2.) creating negative impacts on citizens’ livelihoods, making them more vulnerable to recruitment by NSAGs. In addition, the author highlights how terrorist groups and other organizations are contributing to climate change by utilizing national resources as a weapon, such as taking over dams to control the water supply and poisoning community wells. The paper covers four case studies related to these findings and provides recommendations for policymakers.
Attached Files:CD Report_Insurgency_170419.pdf